Posts

Showing posts from January, 2009

Sakhi, Vyakhya and the Self: Some Reflections on Chaubole Mahla 5

Image
This essay probes the interplay between gurbani, sakhi and the human self. It attempts to show that a study of textual nuances (in this case the meaning of the word Chaubole) can sometimes be helpful in detheorizing varied conceptualizations of language, subjectivity and love in relation to the human body-self. While many of the prevalent methodological techniques in scriptural analysis are informed by the culture of modernity and are founded on supposedly universal notions of language as a tool of rational communication, I argue that this need not always be the case. The language of the Guru Granth Sahib, for example, stirs multiple effects in the human subject that urge us to tread a path of spiritual love. Sakhis are seen here not as mere myth, which conveys meaning through metaphor, but as vehicles that deliver the force of spiritual teachings right up to the door of the reader's subjectivity. This force empowers the subject's spiritual quest and it exists in the form of a…

ਲੋਕ ਸਾਹਿਤ ਅਤੇ ਇਸਤਰੀ-ਅਨੁਭਵ

Image
Here is the text of a paper delivered by my sister in recent seminar on The Feminine: Some Perspectives held on 21st January at Sri Amritsar Sahib. This paper traces the genealogy of the feminine experience and its submission throughout history by logocentric, patriarchal socio-political structures of our society. It sees folklore as a space of refuge for feminine experience. The dominant literary paradigm are all logocentric and most of all their lies in masculine ego and its susceptibility to imaginative flights.



ਮੇਰੀ ਜਾਚੇ ਲੋਕ-ਸਾਹਿਤ ਬਾਰੇ ਕੋਈ ਵੀ ਚਰਚਾ ਕਰਨ ਤੋਂ ਪਹਿਲਾਂ ਸਾਡਾ ਇਨ੍ਹਾਂ ਸੁਆਲਾਂ ਦੇ ਮੁਖਾਤਿਬ ਹੋਣਾ ਬਣਦਾ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਕੀ ਲੋਕ ਸਾਹਿਤ ਵਾਕਿਆ ਹੀ ਸਾਹਿਤ ਦੀ ਇੱਕ ਵੰਨਗੀ ਹੈ? ਕੀ ਲੋਕ ਸਾਹਿਤ, ਸਾਹਿਤ ਦੇ ਬਾਗ ਦਾ ਇੱਕ ਸੁੰਦਰ ਫੁੱਲ ਹੀ ਹੈ? ਜੇ ਇਹ ਸਾਹਿਤ ਜਾਂ ਸਾਹਿਤ ਦਾ ਅੰਗ ਨਹੀਂ ਹੈ ਤਾਂ ਹੋਰ ਇਹ ਕੀ ਹੈ? ਕੀ ਇਹ ਮਨੁੱਖੀ ਅਨੁਭਵ ਦੀ ਕਿਸੇ ਹੋਰ ਦਿਸ਼ਾ ਦਾ ਪ੍ਰਗਟਾਵਾ ਹੈ ਜਿੱਥੇ ਸਾਹਿਤ ਨਹੀਂ ਪਹੁੰਚ ਸਕਦਾ? ਕੀ ਇਹ ਮਨੁੱਖੀ ਦੇਹ ਦਾ ਆਪਣੀ ਭਰਪੂਰ ਤੰਦਰੁਸਤੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਕੀਤਾ ਗਿਆ ਸਵੈ-ਪ੍ਰਗਟਾਵਾ ਹੈ। ਕੀ ਇਹ ਉਸ ਤਾਂਘ ਦਾ ਨਾਮ ਤਾਂ ਨਹੀਂ ਜਿਹੜੀ ਸਾਹਿਤਕ ਦਰਿਆ ਦੇ ਕਿਨਾਰਿਆਂ ਉ¤ਤੇ ਬੈਠ ਉਸਨੂੰ ਕਿਸ…

Published verses from the same Ghazal

nah hogaa yak-bayaabaa;N maa;Ndagii se ;zauq kam meraa
;habaab-e maujah-e raftaar hai naqsh-e qadam meraaنہ ہوگا یک بیاباں ماندگی سے ذوق کم میرا
حبابِ موجۂ رفتار ہے نقشِ قدم میراहोगायक-बयाबांमांदगीसेज़ौक़कममेरा
हबाब-मौजह-रफ़्तार

An unpublished verse by Ghalib*

ہواۓ صبح یک عالم گریباں چاکیِ گل ہے
دہانِ زخم پید کر اگر کھاتا ہے غم میرا

ਹਵਾ-ਏ-ਸੁਬਹ ਯਕ- ਆਲਮ ਗਰੇਬਾਂ-ਚਾਕੀ-ਏ ਗੁਲ ਹੈ
ਦਹਾਨ-ਏ ਜ਼ਖਮ ਪੈਦ ਕਰ ਅਗਰ ਖਾਤਾ ਹੈ ਗਮ ਮੇਰਾ

हवा-ए सुब्‌ह यक-`आलम गरेबां-चाकी-ए गुल है
दहान-ए ज़ख़्‌म पैद कर अगर खाता है ग़म मेरा

havā-e ṣubḥ yak-ʿālam garebāñ-chākī-e gul hai
dahān-e zaḳhm paida kar agar khātā hai ġham merā

Meaning
1a) the breeze/desire/affection of the dawn is the {entire / 'one-world'} ripping of the collar of/by the rose
1b) the breeze/desire/affection of the dawn is {entirely / 'one-world'} the ripping of the collar of/by the rose

2) create the mouth of a wound, if you experience/'eat' {my grief / grief over me}

Interpretation
At dawn, people go to take the air. But they don't know the reality of the dawn breeze. At dawn, how many flowers tear open their collars! As if the coming of dawn is an expression for the collar-tearing of flowers. The collar is torn only in some…

Some Pictures from Baghdad

Image
Gurdwara Sahib at Baghdad.


Shri Guru Nanak Dev ji 's Potrait by muslim artist in Baghdad

"Behold! How a wish has been fulfilled by Holy and High Providence. That the building of Baba Nanak has been newly built with the help of seven autat (great valis). That the happy murad of God (Baba Nanak) has started a fountain of grace issuing new water in the land. 917 Hijri"


This inscription was on the outside of the gurastahn



Inside the Gurdwara Sahib

Map of Baghdad in 1931 shows the location of Guru Nanak's shrine. It is one mile to the right of river Tigris and a mile-and-half from Baghdad Railway Station West, between two railway lines.Image rotated 90 degree form source document


Possible location of Gurdwara in Baghdad from the air

Iraq to rebuild Guru Nanak's shrine

Baghdad, Dec 24 (ANI): In a significant development, the Government of Iraq has decided to rebuild the 15th century Sikh GuruGuruNanak Dev''s shrine which was destroyed in the 2003 war in Baghdad. Talking to media here at his palace, Iraqi Vice President and senior politician Adil Abd-al-Mahdi has said that the government would rebuild the destroyed GuruNanak Dev''s shrine in Baghdad.

Baghdad was visited by GuruNanak Dev on his way back from Mecca and Madina. He stayed outside the city of the west of Dajala (Tigris) River, about two kilometers north of Baghdad West railway station. He held discourses with Sajjadanashins (caretaker of mausoleum) of the mausoleums of Abdul Qadir gilani and Bahlol the Wise, who were greatly impressed by his views on God and religion. After the Guru''s departure, they raised a memorial in the form of a platform where the Guru had sat and discoursed. After some time when a room was constructed over the platform, a stone slab with the fo…